A sample picture of a fictional ATM card. The largest part of the world’s money exists only as accounting numbers which are transferred between financial computers. Various british monetary units cards and other devices give individual consumers the power to electronically transfer such money to and from their bank accounts, without the use of currency. Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts, such as taxes, in a particular country or socio-economic context.
Money is historically an emergent market phenomenon establishing a commodity money, but nearly all contemporary money systems are based on fiat money. The word “money” is believed to originate from a temple of Juno, on Capitoline, one of Rome’s seven hills. In the ancient world Juno was often associated with money. The temple of Juno Moneta at Rome was the place where the mint of Ancient Rome was located. In the Western world, a prevalent term for coin-money has been specie, stemming from Latin in specie, meaning ‘in kind’. The use of barter-like methods may date back to at least 100,000 years ago, though there is no evidence of a society or economy that relied primarily on barter.
Instead, non-monetary societies operated largely along the principles of gift economy and debt. Many cultures around the world eventually developed the use of commodity money. The Mesopotamian shekel was a unit of weight, and relied on the mass of something like 160 grains of barley. The system of commodity money eventually evolved into a system of representative money.