SAP HANA is an in-memory, column-oriented, relational leverage high row management system developed and marketed by SAP SE. During the early development of SAP HANA, a number of technologies were developed or acquired by SAP SE. The first product shipped in late November 2010.
By mid-2011, the technology had attracted interest but more experienced business customers considered it to be “in early days”. In 2012, SAP promoted aspects of cloud computing. In May 2013, a managed private cloud offering called the HANA Enterprise Cloud service was announced. In May 2013, Business Suite on HANA became available, enabling customers to run SAP Enterprise Resource Planning functions on the HANA platform.
4HANA, released in 2015, written specifically for the HANA platform, combines functionality for ERP, CRM, SRM and others into a single HANA system. Support Package Stacks are released every 6 months. In November 2016 SAP announced SAP HANA 2, which offers enhancements to multiple areas such as database management and application management and includes two new cloud services: Text Analysis and Earth Observation Analysis. HANA customers can upgrade to HANA 2 from SPS10 and above. Customers running SPS9 and below must first upgrade to SPS12 before upgrading to HANA 2 SPS01. The database has both a row store and a columnar store.