In India, black money is funds earned on the black market, on which income and other usd to indian rs have not been paid. Also, the unaccounted money that is concealed from the tax administrator is called black money. The black money is accumulated by the criminals, smugglers, hoarders, tax-evaders and other anti-social elements of the society. The total amount of black money deposited in foreign banks by Indians is unknown.
06 trillion is held illegally in Switzerland. In March 2018, it was revealed that the amount of Indian black money currently present in Swiss and other offshore banks is estimated to be Rs. The root cause for the increasing rate of black money in the country is the lack of strict punishments for the offenders. The criminals pay bribes to the tax authorities to hide their corrupt activities. Thus, they are rarely punished by the lawyer. The criminals who conceal their accounts from the government authorities include big politicians, film stars, cricketers, and businessmen.
Politicians, political parties corrupt higher officials of government and its institutions take bribes from foreign companies and park or invest the money abroad in tax havens for transferring to India when needed. Many times locally earned bribes, funds and collections are also routed abroad through hawala channels for evading from Indian tax authorities and consequent legal implications. In the Vodafone-Huthchison tax case, a foreign multinational company also evaded tax payments in India by making transactions with shell companies registered in tax haven countries. The unlawfully acquired money kept abroad is routed back to India by the round tripping processes. Round tripping involves getting the money out of one country, sending it to a place like Mauritius and then, dressed up to look like foreign capital, sending it back home to earn tax-favoured profits.